Weyl Physicists 1945 1 
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For Dr. Aydelotte April 19, 1945 THEORETICAL PHYSICISTS AND MATHEMATICIANS who have been discussed informally by our group CONFIDENTIAL Theoretical Physicists Top Rank Niels Bohr , Director, Copenhagen University Institute for Theoretical Physics. Age 59. Out of the question. Nobel Prize laureate. Erwin Schrödinger, Professor of Theoretical Physics. Institute for Advanced Studies, Dublin, Eire. Age 57. Created the "wave" form of quantum mechanics (1926). N obel Prize laureate. Brilliant, but less steady than Pauli. Already in 1 937, when we compared their relative merits we decided in favor of Pauli. Werner Heisenberg, Professor in Leipzig until quite recently, but if I am not mistaken now Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Theoretical Physics in Berlin. Age 44. Nobel Prize laureate. Heisenberg is to be credited with the basic idea of quantum mechanics, in which observables are repre sented by matrices in a space of infinitely many dimensions. Although Schrödinger's work is based on an entirely different idea, Heisenberg's fundamental paper was known to him when he started his work. Dirac's work would have been impossible without Heisenberg and Schrödinger. Heisenberg considered it his duty to stay in Germany, and on the whole took a courageous stand against much of the nonsense the Nazis did in physical science. But his political attitude was never too clear to his friends outside Germany, and the impression prevails that his fate is tied up with that of Germany. Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, Cambridge, since 1932; Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge; now at Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, England. Age 42. Outstanding achievement: relativistic quantum equation for the electron. More speculative than Pauli. Concentrates on the most fundamental questions of quantum physics. Nobel Prize laureate. Enrico Fermi, Professor of Physics, Columbia University, since 1939. Age 43. Early work in theoretical physics rates almost as high as Pauli's. He devel oped that sort of statistics for particles ("Fermi statistics") which corres ponds to Pauli's exclusion principle. In his last years in Italy, and since he came to this country, he has developed more toward the experimental side (transformation of elements by bombardment with neutrons, nuclear physics) and now definitely needs and wants a laboratory. Nobel Prize laureate. Second rank George Gamow, Professor of Physics, George Washington University, since 1934. Age 44. Russi an origin. Main acheivement: quantum theory of radloactive decomposition , which he developed simultaneously with E.U. Condon and R.W. Gurney.
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Title  Weyl Physicists 1945 1 
FullText  For Dr. Aydelotte April 19, 1945 THEORETICAL PHYSICISTS AND MATHEMATICIANS who have been discussed informally by our group CONFIDENTIAL Theoretical Physicists Top Rank Niels Bohr , Director, Copenhagen University Institute for Theoretical Physics. Age 59. Out of the question. Nobel Prize laureate. Erwin Schrödinger, Professor of Theoretical Physics. Institute for Advanced Studies, Dublin, Eire. Age 57. Created the "wave" form of quantum mechanics (1926). N obel Prize laureate. Brilliant, but less steady than Pauli. Already in 1 937, when we compared their relative merits we decided in favor of Pauli. Werner Heisenberg, Professor in Leipzig until quite recently, but if I am not mistaken now Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Theoretical Physics in Berlin. Age 44. Nobel Prize laureate. Heisenberg is to be credited with the basic idea of quantum mechanics, in which observables are repre sented by matrices in a space of infinitely many dimensions. Although Schrödinger's work is based on an entirely different idea, Heisenberg's fundamental paper was known to him when he started his work. Dirac's work would have been impossible without Heisenberg and Schrödinger. Heisenberg considered it his duty to stay in Germany, and on the whole took a courageous stand against much of the nonsense the Nazis did in physical science. But his political attitude was never too clear to his friends outside Germany, and the impression prevails that his fate is tied up with that of Germany. Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, Cambridge, since 1932; Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge; now at Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, England. Age 42. Outstanding achievement: relativistic quantum equation for the electron. More speculative than Pauli. Concentrates on the most fundamental questions of quantum physics. Nobel Prize laureate. Enrico Fermi, Professor of Physics, Columbia University, since 1939. Age 43. Early work in theoretical physics rates almost as high as Pauli's. He devel oped that sort of statistics for particles ("Fermi statistics") which corres ponds to Pauli's exclusion principle. In his last years in Italy, and since he came to this country, he has developed more toward the experimental side (transformation of elements by bombardment with neutrons, nuclear physics) and now definitely needs and wants a laboratory. Nobel Prize laureate. Second rank George Gamow, Professor of Physics, George Washington University, since 1934. Age 44. Russi an origin. Main acheivement: quantum theory of radloactive decomposition , which he developed simultaneously with E.U. Condon and R.W. Gurney. 
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